Help With Maths

Use this online maths program to discuss with your child how to connect ideas together and work out stategies for
problem solving. The exercises can be done as often as needed. It takes concentration and effort to build connections and transfer
learning by using practical activities.

How do children learn to count and use numbers? Children learn the pattern of counting words by repetition.
Initially, this pattern may have gaps where the child leaves out a number in the sequence, or the child may
invent numbers. It is common to hear a child say twenty-ten after counting to twentynine. However, remembering the
words for each number in the correct order is only part of the process of counting. To “count” children need to match
saying the number words with the correct number of “things”. Children should be given lots of opportunities to
practise and explore counting groups as well as making groups. Children also need to recognise and name numbers.

Have your child pretend to be in a ball (sphere) or box (rectangular prism), feeling the faces, edges, and corners
and to dramatize simple arithmetic problems such as: Three frogs jumped in the pond, then one more, how
many are there in all?  Ask them how many feet, mouths, and so on they have. Estimating skills are also used when
digging the hole for a plant. Determining how deep it needs to be is often calculated through guess and check, an
dentified problem-solving strategy.  

Knowing that there is often more than one way to solve a problem provides comfort for those who think in different ways.
Using scales to weigh ingredients reinforces the skill of reading these numbers and draws on knowledge of decimals. 
As parents, we often choose the item that represents better value by comparing the “price per 100 gram” - verbalising
your thinking helps kids to refine their own mental processes. Budgeting, adding monetary values and calculating change
are all skills that benefit from practice in a real-life situation.

Highly-math-anxious parents may become flustered when their children’s teachers use novel strategies that parents
themselves never learned.  What can you do at home?
• Read books to your child and talk about the shapes you can see within the pictures. The roof on the house is a triangle.
• Look for objects inside or outside the house that are shaped like a circle, triangle, rectangle or square. 
• Make shadows on the ground or on a wall using your body or hands and talk about the shapes.
• Fold paper to make a hat or boat and talk about the shapes made as you fold the paper.
• Collect scrap paper or used gift wrapping and encourage your child to cut and glue pieces to make a picture.
• Play I Spy games and describe things by size and shape. I spy with my little eye something that is big and shaped like a square.
• Use boxes and containers of different sizes to play “stacking” games.
• Make biscuits using cookie cutters or make pretend biscuits from modelling dough. Talk about the shape of each biscuit.